To prepare our clients for courtroom testimony, we recommend that all attorneys read the articles on this list. We will then discuss the articles with you in depth to prepare for trial. There is no charge for any phone consultation of this type.
We also recommend an online mtDNA tutorial, which can be found as a separate module within an interactive tutorial titled "Principles of Forensic DNA of Officers of the Court" at www.dna.gov.
Mitochondrial DNA Databases
A mitochondrial DNA database for North America is found at empop.org. This excellent database is maintained by The Institute for Legal Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University. http://empop.org
Mitochondrial DNA statistical calculations are based on simple sampling equations. For an introduction to the calculations and their interpretation please click here.
Previous Courtroom Rulings
The following link will connect the user to previous written courtroom rulings on mitochondrial DNA at both the state and federal level. www.denverda.org/
Mitotyping staff members have testified in the following states:
Alaska, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Washington, and West Virginia.
We have testified in admissibility proceedings (Daubert/Frye/Harper/Rimmasch) in California, Washington, Florida, Georgia, Michigan, New York, Colorado, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Texas, Utah, and in three federal jurisdictions (District of Columbia; New York City; Columbus, Ohio).
Testimony Foundation Questions
We have provided a basic set of foundation questions for mitochondrial DNA testimony. Cases will have different requirements, so we encourage website viewers to adapt these questions to their needs.
Jury education is critical when this technology is presented in court. Mitotyping uses five basic overhead transparencies during testimony for jury education (transparencies courtesy of the FBI's DNA Unit II). A basic tutorial takes about 10 minutes and emphasizes the differences between mitochondrial and nuclear DNA typing.